These great prophecies are for the hungry at heart. Their fulfillment gives the honest at heart real evidence that God truly exists and that He knows the future before it happens!
The biblical foundation for God’s three messages to modern man is the verse "Unto two thousand and three hundred days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." Daniel 8:14, KJV. (The year-day prophetic principle, see notes in Appendix number ten."
God promised that He would cleanse His sanctuary in 2300 prophetic days, 2300 actual years, "a day for a year." The cleansing of the sanctuary in heaven, the beginning of our day in court, is the beginning of God’s work of judgment. God told Daniel that the work of cleansing His sanctuary in Heaven, the beginning of His work of judgment, would begin in 2300 years.
What God did not tell Him in chapter eight of Daniel was the beginning date for the 2300 years. Daniel wanted to understand this and prayed. "While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin Gabriel came to me in swift flight and said to me, ‘Daniel I have come to give you understanding. Seventy weeks are determined upon your people and on your holy city to finish the transgression, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy."
"Know therefore and understand that from the going forth of the command to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the (Anointed One) Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and sixty two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after the sixty two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for himself: . . . Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week: and in the middle of the week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering." Daniel 9:24-27, NKJV.
Notice that God, through Daniel, spoke of 7 weeks and 62 weeks and 1 week.
7 + 62 + 1 = 70 weeks.
Three Prophecies Begin With
the Commandment to Restore
and Rebuild Jerusalem in 457 B.C.
70 weeks = 490 years -- A 490 year prophecy
The (70 weeks) 490-year prophecy of Daniel 9:24 begins with the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem in 457 B.C.
69 weeks = 483 years -- a 483 year prophecy
7 + 62 weeks = 69 weeks - The first 483 years of the 490 -year prophecy. The 483-year prophecy of Daniel 9:25 begins with the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem in 457 B.C.
2300 days = 2300 years -- a 2300-year prophecy
The 2300 year prophecy of Daniel 8:14 begins with the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem in457 B.C.
What do all three of these prophecies have in common? They each begin with "the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem." Daniel 9:25. The commandment of Artaxerxes for the restoration and building of Jerusalem went into effect, in the autumn of 457 B.C.
70 PROPHETIC WEEKS
How many days are in 70 weeks?
490 PROPHETIC DAYS
are the same as
490 LITERAL YEARS
An important principle in prophetic interpretation in connection with time prophecies is the year-day principle, under which a day of prophetic time is counted as a calendar year of historic time. Before the Israelites entered the land of Canaan they sent twelve spies ahead to investigate. The spies were gone forty days, and upon their return the Hebrews, frightened at their report, refused to go up and occupy the Promised Land. The result was a sentence the Lord passed upon them: "According to the number of the days in which you spied out the land, forty days, for every day a year, you shall bear your iniquity, forty years, and you shall know my displeasure." Numbers 14:34 RSV.
A similar method of computing future time is indicated through the prophet Ezekiel. Forty years of punishment for iniquities awaited the kingdom of Judah. The Lord said through the prophet: "After you have finished this, lie down again, this time on your right side, and bear the sin of the house of Judah. I have assigned you forty days, a day for each year." Ezekiel 4:6.
This year-day principle has an important application in interpreting the time of the prophecy of the "two thousand three hundred days" Daniel 8:14, (NKJV) and the 1260-day period, variously indicated as "a time and times and the dividing of time" (Daniel 7:25), the "forty and two months" (Revelation 11:2; 13:5), and the "thousand two hundred and sixty days" (Revelation 11:3; 12:6).
The 490-Year Prophecy
"Seventy weeks are determined upon your people and upon your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins." Daniel 9:24, NKJV. The word here translated "determined" literally signifies "cut off" as specially for the Jews. But from what were they cut off. As the 2300 days were the only time mentioned in chapter 8, that must be the period from which the seventy weeks were cut off. In other words, God gave 70 prophetic weeks to His people and to Jerusalem to repent, each day representing a year. See the appendix for the year-day prophetic principle.
This comes to 490 years. This period is the first part of the 2300-year prophecy. God has given these 490 years to the Jewish people in which to stop their rebelliousness, repent of their sins and accept His offer of salvation.
Seventy weeks times seven days in a week equals 490 days. Using the year-day prophetic principle, we understand God as giving His people, the Israelites a special time, 490 years long, to return to Him. The beginning date is found in Daniel 9:25. That date was "from the issuing of the decree to restore and to build Jerusalem" which was 457 B.C.
“ Know therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; . . . And . . . Messiah shall be cut off. " This was a prediction of the exact year that the coming Messiah would be annointed, 500 years ahead of time. It was also an a prediction of the coming Messiah's death, "Messiah shall be cut off." Daniel 9:25, 26 NKJV
Seven weeks plus 62 weeks plus 1 week = 70 weeks. The 70 weeks are the first 490 "prophetic days" - literal years, of the 2300 prophetic day/literal year prophecy. Each time period of this prophecy has meaning. We will look at each part separately.
King Artaxerxes commanded the rebuilding of Jerusalem in 457 B.C. Forty nine years later (7 x 7 = 49) 408 B.C. it was completely rebuilt.
"And sixty two weeks"
Jesus preached "the gospel" from Daniel chapter 9, the "Messianic" chapter of the Hebrew Bible!
God's Word says, "Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.” Mark 1:14, 15. This is the actual "time is fulfilled" prophecy that Jesus used as evidence that He was the Messiah, the Christ. The word "Messiah" is the Hebrew and the word "Christ" is the Greek. Both are used interchangably and mean "the anointed one." Jesus fulfilled this prophecy by His anointing in 27 A.D. at the end of the 69 weeks ( a day for a year) 483 year prophecy which ended in the fall of A.D. 27 when He was baptized.
7 x 62 = 434 "prophetic days" or "434 actual years" continuing from 408 B.C. takes us to 27 A.D. This was the year that the Messiah "the anointed one" was predicted to appear. Christ was anointed in baptism in 27 A.D. This chapter in Daniel is the only chapter in the Hebrew Bible, the Old Testament, that has the word Messiah. Messiah in translated "The anointed one." He was anointed in baptism "on time. "It was all predicted hundreds of years ahead of time. God's Word says, "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power" Acts 10:38. That took place at His baptism in the Fall of A.D. 27, when Jesus began to say "The time is fulfilled."
49 + 434 = 483 -- 483 years after 457B.C. is 27A.D.
Seven year Tribulation? ? ?
"He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week"
One prophetic week = 7 actual years
7 weeks + 62 weeks + 1 week = 70 prophetic weeks
"Until the anointed One comes, there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks. It will be rebuilt and after the sixty-two weeks the Anointed One will be 'cut off" (killed) . . . He will confirm a covenant with many for one week." Daniel 9:27, NKJV. This is the last seven years of the 490 year prophecy -- A.D. 27 to A.D. 34. It is the "Messiah" who "will confirm a covenant with many for one week," seven years, not the "antichrist." A relatively new phenomenon is the mistaken idea that this 7-year period belongs to the antichrist and is a seven -year tribulation just before Christ returns. There will be a tribulation, the seven last plagues of Revelation 16, but we are not given the exact length of that tribulation. Nowhere does the Bible say there will be a seven-year tribulation. That idea has come from a misunderstanding of Daniel 9:27.
"In the middle of the week He will bring an end to sacrifice. . . "In the middle of this seven year period Christ was to be crucified. This "week" of 7 years was from 27 to 34 A.D. In the middle of this 7-year period, A.D.31 Christ was crucified. Daniel 9:27, NKJV.
"In the middle of the week"
In the middle of the 7 years from 27A. D. to 34 A .D.
Multiply 7 days in a week times the 70 weeks
7 x 70 = 490 prophetic days or 490 literal years.
Starting with a date of 457 BC,
the 70 prophetic weeks end with A.D. 34.
Since we are using the year-day prophetic principle, God would anoint Christ with His Spirit exactly 483 years (69 weeks) after the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem. Four hundred eighty three years after King Artaxerxes made the decree to rebuild Jerusalem (457 BC) is A.D. 27. This is the year John the Baptist anointed Christ in baptism and the Holy Spirit anointed Christ coming down on Him in the form of a dove.
King Artaxerxes gave the commandment to restore Jerusalem in 457 B.C. and God anointed Christ, 483 years later, in A.D.27 just as Daniel had predicted.
Christ said "The time is fulfilled." Mark 1:15, KJV.
John the Baptist and the Holy Spirit baptized Jesus on time.
The Prophet Daniel predicted:
- the baptism of Christ in the year 27 A.D.
- His death in the year 31 A.D.
- five hundred years before it happened!
.Daniel Predicted it All Exactly, Hundreds of Years Before.
Sixty-nine weeks, the first 483 years of the 2300 years, were to reach to "the Messiah," the Anointed One. Christ's baptism and anointing by the Holy Spirit, A.D. 27, exactly fulfilled this part of the prophecy. In the middle of the seventieth week, men would "cut off" or "kill" the "Messiah." Half a week is three and a half days. Three and a half years after His baptism, the Jewish leaders brought Christ to the Romans to be crucified. They crucified Christ, in the spring of A.D. 31. He died on time!
Isn't this a wonderful prophecy? Either the Bible is 100 percent accurate or it is a cruel hoax, an outright lie. Paul says it like this: "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness." 2 Timothy 3:16, KJV.
How did Daniel know, over five hundred years ahead, the exact year Christ would be baptized and that three and one half years later He would be crucified? God gives us convincing evidence for faith. Faith is not "blind'. Won't you choose Jesus Christ as your Saviour? The way to accept Christ is found in the Table of Contents and in the Appendix of this very book. Why not trust and follow the One who knows the future ahead of time.
"Unto two thousand and three hundred days,
then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." Daniel 8:14, KJV.
The seventy weeks, or 490 years, were to pertain especially to the Jews. This 490 year prophecy ended in A.D. 34 when the Jewish nation sealed its rejection of Christ by the persecution of His disciples, and the apostles turned to the Gentiles.
The first 490 years of the 2300 having then ended, 1810 years remained.
From A.D. 34, 1810 years extend to 1844. "Then," said the angel, "will the sanctuary be cleansed."
457 B.C. --- 2,300 prophetic days later
(2,300 literal years later ) = 1844 A.D.
"Then shall the Sanctuary be Cleansed."
"The Hour of God’s Judgment has come"
2300 - 490 (the 70 prophetic weeks) = 1810. 1810 years later ‘Then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.’
A.D. 34 +1810 = 1844 A.D. In 1844 God began His work of judgment.
Back in the early 1800's people from around the world studied this prophecy. The common belief, in those years, was that this world was God’s sanctuary. From this prophecy they concluded that God would cleanse the world with fire in 1844. This meant that Christ would be coming in 1844. Thousands around the world came to the same conclusion.
This was in fulfillment of Revelation 10:9-11. "I went to the angel and asked him to give me the little scroll. He said to me, "take it and eat it. It will turn your stomach sour, but in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey." This actually happened. God knew that His children would come to the conclusion that He was coming in 1844. They had "eaten," or studied the book of Daniel and it was so wonderful that Jesus was coming so soon. That turned to sadness when He did not come at that time.
It was similar to the sadness that the disciples felt when they thought Jesus would become a king in Jerusalem and He, instead, was tortured and nailed to a cross. The prophecy in Revelation chapter 10 continues with the word "You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, languages and kings." Revelation 10:11.
The year 1844, however, came and went and Jesus did not come to the earth in flaming fire. God did not cleanse the earth, thought to be God's sanctuary, with fire in 1844 as many thought He would do. Many of these individuals rechecked the prophecy. They came to the conclusion that they had interpreted the prophetic time correctly but had not understood the true Biblical definition of the sanctuary. They searched the Bible and made new discoveries.
God asked Moses to build a building called the Sanctuary. Today we have model airplanes, model railroad trains and model cars. They are a miniature of the real thing. God told Moses that the great original Sanctuary is in heaven and that he, Moses, was chosen to build a model of it. He was to build it according to the directions God would give him. It would help people understand God's covenant, the plan of salvation, the purpose of the true Sanctuary, God's great original in heaven.
God’s covenant with the people of planet earth is His agreement on how He would save sinful people and still be a just God. His covenant agreement meant that He would become a human being. Christ chose to become a man as a gift to the people of planet earth. He chose to pay the just penalty for sin.
Those who chose, could by Christ’s death, find forgiveness of their sins. Through a conscious decision they could overcome sin through the life and death of Jesus Christ. God explained this salvation agreement though the sanctuary service.
"Have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them."
God’s plan brings God and man together through the work of the sanctuary. The apostle Paul explains the sanctuary. He says "The first covenant (agreement) also had rules of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. The candlestick, and the table with bread were in the first room of the tabernacle, the sanctuary."
"Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place, which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant. Hebrews 9:3,4.
"And above it were the cherubim (angels) of glory overshadowing the mercy seat." Hebrews 9:5 NKJV.
The ark is God's throne and the mercy seat is where God sits.
The first apartment contained:
the Ark of His Testament?
There are four times the Bible talks about Arks.
FIRST, the word Ark refers to a huge boat known as Noah's Ark.
SECOND, the word ark refers to the small basket boat used to hide baby Moses among the reeds in the Nile river.
THIRD, the word Ark refers to the chest of wood covered with gold that was a container for the two tables of the covenant, the ten commandments. The Israelites made this ark in Moses' day, and it remained in the second apartment of the earthly sanctuary. This appears to be what the fictional character, "Indiana Jones" supposedly found in Egypt, in the movie "Raiders of the Lost Ark."
FOURTH is the great original ark of the covenant (also called the ark of His testament). This ark is in God's sanctuary in heaven (see Hebrews, chapters 8 and 9). The ark of the covenant is God's throne and contains God's original Ten Commandment law.
Two things God considers most precious are His people and His law.
Two things God considers most precious are His people and His law. Both were protected by arks. God's plan as seen in Hebrews 8 is to put the two things that are most precious to Him together. His plan is to put His law inside the heart, the mind, of man. God says "I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people." Hebrews 8:10.
The temple of Solomon replaced the sanctuary build under Moses. The words temple, sanctuary, and tabernacle are three names for the same thing and refer to either the copy on earth or the great original in heaven.
According to Hebrews chapter nine, the sanctuary build under Moses is the sanctuary of the first covenant. The great original in heaven is the New Covenant Sanctuary where Jesus ministers today.
Many modern theologians make the mistake of removing the last week of 7 years, the 70th week, that foretold the exact year of Christ's crucifixion five hundred years in advance. They take out the last seven years of Daniel's 490 year prophecy. They call this period of time the tribulation, seven years when, they say, people have a second chance turn to God. This change in theological thinking came in the nineteenth century. A man named John Nelson Darby thought up and promoted this "radical new eschatology." One author says, "It spared true believers the Tribulation, leaving the horror to nonbelievers and the doctrinally misled. . . Darby's scheme became a pillar of the new Fundamentalism." Nancy Gibbs, "Apocalypse Now," Time magazine (July 1, 2002) page 46.
Many take the last "one week" of seven years, remove the crucifixion, and apply it to the Anti Christ " In the middle of the week He will bring an end to sacrifice. "In the middle of this seven year period Christ was to be crucified. This "week" of 7 years was from 27 to 34 A.D. In the middle of this 7-year period, A.D.31 Christ was crucified. Daniel 9:27, NKJV. Christ said "The time is fulfilled. Mark 1:15, KJV. --He came on time. He was baptized on time. He was crucified on time it was all foretold five hundred years in advance. This "one week," the 70th week follows the 69 weeks. This 7 year period of time applied to Christ and not to Anti Christ. All of the old commentaries like Matthew Henry's Commentary agree.
The word "eschatology" means a study of last day events. "The branch of theology that is concerned with the end of the world."